• Parent prompts for reading
     
    How to decode unknown words
     
     
    Top Ten Phonics Rules

    Top 10 Phonics Rules

    • Every word must contain a vowel. The vowels are: a, e, i, o, u, and y ( y is a consonant when at the beginning of a word). Ex: A, me, sit, no, up, my
    • When a one syllable word ends in a consonant and has only one vowel, that vowel is short. Ex: mat, red, fish, sock, rug.
    • When a syllable ends in a silent "e," the vowel that comes before the silent "e" is long. Ex: lake, gene, kite, rope, use.
    • When w is before "or", the "or" says "er". (work, word, - but not sword)
    • Qu are always together. Ex: queen, quarrel, quick, quiet
    • When "g" is followed by "e, i, or y," it usually has the soft sound of "j." Ex: gem, gym
    • When "c" is followed by "e, i, or y," it usually has the soft sound of "s." Ex: city, cent, cygnet
    • When a syllable ends in a vowel and is the only vowel, that vowel is usually long. Ex: "la/ter, me, I, o/pen, u/nique, my".
    • When 2 consonants join together and form one new sound, they are called 'consonant digraphs'. They count as one sound. Ex: "ch, sh, th, ph, wh".
    • When a syllable has 2 vowels together, the first vowel is usually long and the second is silent. Ex: "rain, meat, coat, res/cue, day,". NOTE: Diphthongs don't follow this rule