• Prefix- Letters before a base word to create a new word.

    Suffix- Letters after a base word to create a new word.

     

    base word + suffix = derivative

    prefix  +  base word = derivative

     

    -s

    Consonant suffix

    Anglo Saxon/Old English

    add to a noun

    Keywords: cats and dogs

    Definition:  More than 1

     

    -ing

    Vowel suffix

    Anglo Saxon/Old English

    add to a verb

    Keyword: spelling

    Definition: happening now

     

    -ed

    vowel suffix

    Anglo Saxon/Old English

    add to a verb

    Keywords: landed, sailed, jumped

    Definition:  happened in the past

     

    -ful

    Consonant suffix

    Anglo Saxon/Old English

    add to an adjective

    Keyword: hopeful

    Definition:  to be filled with

     

    -ous

    vowel suffix

    Latin

    add to an adjective

    Keyword: famous

    Definition: full of

     

    -less

    Consonant suffix

    Angol Saxon/Old English

    add to an adjective

    Keyword: homeless

    Definition:  without

     

    under-

    Consonant prefix

    Anglo Saxon

    Keyword: underground

    Definition: below or beneath

     

    over-

    Consonant prefix

    Anglo Saxon

    Keyword: overfed

    Definition: too much 

     

    up-

    Consonant prefix

    Anglo Saxon

    Keyword: uphill

    Definition: above

     

    in-

    Consonant prefix

    Anglo Saxon

    Keyword: inside

    Definition: into

     

    in-

    Consonant prefix

    Latin

    Keyword: incorrect

    Definition: not