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     Course Description Geography: This year, we will be studying physical and human characteristics, human-environment interaction, peoples and cultures, and interactions of physical systems in Europe, Southwest Asia, South Asia, East and Southeast Asia, Africa, and Oceania.

    Course Description 8th grade Reading: Students will speak and listen effectively in a variety of situations including, but not limited to, responses to reading and writing. Students will develop foundational skills for future reading success by working with sounds, letters, and text. Students will use a variety of recursive reading and writing processes. Students will apply critical thinking skills to reading and writing. Students will expand their working vocabularies to effectively communicate and understand texts. Students will apply knowledge of grammar and rhetorical style to reading and writing. Students will engage in inquiry to acquire, refine, and share knowledge. Students will acquire, refine, and share knowledge through a variety of written, oral, visual, digital, non-verbal, and interactive texts. Students will read and write for a variety of purposes including, but not limited to, academic and personal.

    Course Description U.S. History: The focus of the course in United States History for Grade 8 is the American Revolution through the Civil War and Reconstruction era (1760-1877). However, for the Grade 8 criterion-referenced test over U.S. History, Constitution and Government of the United States, the time frame is 1760 to 1860, or from approximately George III's succession to the British throne to the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. Students will describe and analyze the major causes, key events, and important personalities of the American Revolution. They will examine in greater depth the factors, events, documents, significant individuals, and political ideas that led to the formation of the United States of America. These will be pursued through a chronological study of the early national period, westward expansion, and the Civil War and Reconstruction eras. Citizenship skills will focus upon the development and understanding of constitutional government in the United States.

    Course Expectations:

     Students are expected to work hard and consistently give their best effort in class activities. Students should expect to have fun while developing a deeper understanding of our nation’s history, the world around them, and literacy.

    Grading Plan: Grades are based on the point system. A student’s final average is computed by taking the total number of points received divided by the total number of possible points creating a percentage. Daily assignments are typically worth twenty points, while tests and projects are worth one hundred points or more.

    Student Work: Students will complete most work in class but will occasionally have to do some work at home. Most work at home will consist of reviewing for a test or completing absent work or something that was simply not finished in class.  Turning work in on time is highly recommended. Late work will only receive half credit.

    Folder/Binder and Bell work notebook:  Each student will keep a folder or binder to include: daily warm up assignments, class notes, activities and worksheets, assessments, and DBQ essays. The folder/binder is a working portfolio to represent the student’s knowledge in class. I will give an abundance of help on organization and maintenance of the Folder/Binder. The Students will complete bell work in the bell work notebook when they enter class every day at the beginning of the class. The bell work note books will be checked to see they have been completed. Students will also be required to fill out an agenda at the start of every week.

    Absences:  You should check for any new handouts in the absent work tray and complete any missed assignments for homework. Please ask for help if you do not understand a topic or assignment. 

    Possible Consequences for Misbehavior: Verbal Warning Conference with teacher Phone call to parent Letter of apology for misbehavior Lunch Detention. Detention Office referral (Dependent on the severity of the issue any or all the consequences may be issued at any time)

    Course Materials: students will need for class a folder or binder, a pencil, and a notebook. Kleenexes and hand sanitizer while not required are appreciated and worth extra credit.

    Electronics policy: Students should not have cellphones out in class unless Ms. Graumann has given permission. Phones are to be in students’ pockets or under the desk during instruction. First offense is a verbal warning second time the phone will be taken and placed in phone jail for the hour third offense Ms. Graumann will keep the phone in phone jail till the end of the day. The fourth offense the cell phone will be taken to the office.