Mickey Mouse: "Arithmetic is being able to count up to twenty without taking off your shoes."
The kindergarten mathematics program uses a concrete manipulative approach to counting objects through ten; recognizing, sequencing, and writing numerals through ten; and associating set, numeral and ordinal position. The student is introduced to sets and numerals through twenty, six basic geometric shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle, ellipse, and rhombus), comparative terms, positional location, telling time by the hour, naming days of the week, and patterning. Some children are introduced to simple addition and subtraction. Students focus on solving problems in everyday life and communicating oral solutions to problems.
First Grade Math
First grade mathematics students use manipulatives to recognize, extend, describe, and create a wide variety of patterns. Number sense and number meanings from 0-100 are developed through everyday experiences and use of manipulatives. Students explore, discover, and develop meaning for whole number operations and computation through modeling and discussing a variety of problem situations. Students achieve mastery of addition and subtraction facts through 12 and the symbols +, -, and =. Students manipulate, describe, model, construct, and classify simple geometric shapes. Attributes of length, capacity, weight, volume, time, and money are explored. Telling time to the hour and half-hour, calendar concepts, the value of coins, and counting pennies, nickels, and dimes to a dollar are included. Students use physical objects to develop the concept of separating into halves, thirds, and fourths, and to construct and interpret displays of data.
Second Grade Math
Mathematics in second grade is taught through a variety of instructional strategies including using manipulative materials, writing and discussing mathematics, and using calculators and computers. Second grade mathematics addresses patterns and relationships of numerals 0-999. Computation skills are mastered for facts 0 -18. Place value is emphasized with regrouping to the hundreds place. Students identify coins and their values and count the value of a group of mixed coins. Students measure length, weight, capacity, and volume in standard and non-standard units. Simple geometric shapes are identified and classified using a variety of materials. Students explore the concepts of fractions, statistics, and probability. Second graders master telling time by the hour and half-hour. Problem solving strategies are integrated throughout the program, giving students confidence in dealing with everyday situations.
Third Grade Math
Third grade mathematics reviews addition and subtraction with regrouping, measurement of time and calendar, money, metric and customary measures, temperature, geometric shapes and symbols, and fractions. Multiplication and division are introduced, and memorization of multiplication facts is stressed. Multiplication of whole numbers up to 999 by one digit is included. Problem solving and communicating mathematically are stressed.
Fourth Grade Math
The fourth grade mathematics curriculum uses problem-solving approaches to gain an understanding of mathematical content. Addition and subtraction of whole numbers are reviewed. Multiplication facts are mastered and used to solve problems with two-digit multipliers. Division with one-digit divisors is taught. Computation with fractions is introduced. Other topics studied include decimal concepts and computation, geometry, probability and statistics, estimation, and measurement.
Fifth Grade Math
The fifth grade mathematics curriculum emphasizes the development of problem-solving skills and strategies. Computation and statistics are taught within a problem-solving context. Students are taught to read and write large numbers and decimal numbers by learning place values of whole numbers through millions and decimal numbers through thousandths. Students learn computational skills for addition and subtraction of numbers up to five digits, multiplication by two- and three-digit numbers, and division with one- and two-digit divisors. In addition to paper and pencil computation, students learn to use strategies of mental arithmetic. The calculator is used to help students better understand computation and to extend the depth of mathematics they can study. Students are taught to find and extend patterns and to propose rules to describe relationships and to make estimates and predictions. Manipulative materials and hands-on experiences provide a basis for teaching the concepts and operations of fractions as well as the concepts of measurement and geometry.
Sixth Grade Math
The thrust of the sixth grade mathematics curriculum is mathematics as problem-solving connected to real life situations. The students will translate mathematical ideas from one form to another with emphasis on oral and written communication. Computation of whole numbers, fractions, and decimals is taught as a tool for achieving problem-solving. Appropriate use of technology, number sense and number theory, estimation, patterns and functions, geometry, measurement, and statistics and probability are emphasized. An ever broadening development of algebraic form and concepts further the ability to problem-solve.